• Supanit Thomsuwan

Staking and Rewards



Delegation (Staking)


Stake your Cardano (ADA tokens) to a stake pool for a set period of time, you’ll periodically earn a return on your investment. Staking also helps the Cardano network; it’s the process by which validators (Stake pool) are selected to create a new block and process transactions.


In order to stake your ADA, you’ll need to move your funds to a wallet that supports staking, such as Daedalus, Yoroi, and AdaLite. Cardano addresses have separate keys for spending and staking, as a result your ADA will not be sent to a stake pool, meaning that it never leaves your wallet. When you delegate to a stake pool, your entire wallet is delegated. Whenever you deposit or withdraw ADA from your wallet, your stake balance will be updated. To delegate an undelegated wallet, 2 ADA will be deducted from your wallet as a one time registration fee, and will be returned once you undelegate your wallet.


-- Cardano doesn’t require your ADA to be locked in for a term. You could always undelegate your ADA at any time. This flexibility sets Cardano apart from its competitors.



Epoch and Rewards


Epoch is a Cardano accounting period equal to five days. Your stake will be taken a snapshot at the end of epoch and will be active at the start of next epoch. During epoch with your active stake, rewards of all blocks produced by the pool will be calculated by the upcoming epoch and will be distributed to you by the stake amount.


Assume you delegate during Epoch_0


Epoch_0 - Delegate your stake during Epoch.

- Snapshot occur at the end of Epoch

Epoch_1 - Your stake is now registered

Epoch_2 - Your stake is active and contributing to the stake pool

Epoch_3 - Calculating rewards from previous Epoch base on your stake amount

Epoch_4 - Earn first rewards from snapshot taken in Epoch_0

Epoch_5 - Earn rewards from snapshot taken at the end of Epoch_1

Epoch_6 - Earn rewards from snapshot taken at the end of Epoch_2


The amount of stake included in a snapshot is equal to ADA balance when snapshot occurs.


-- All block rewards received during an epoch will be deducted equal to

(Pool's fix fees minimum of 340 ADA + pool's margin x.x% as pool fees)

before being distributed to the delegators according to the stake amount.

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